Share via Email Stanley, the Falkland Islands capital. More precisely, the root of the problem can be traced to the celebrated Bulls of Donation by which the Borgia pope Alexander VI exercised what medieval doctrine still told him was a God-given right to divide between Spain and Portugal all the distant lands that European navigators were starting to discover.
Pre-European discovery[ edit ] The extinct warrah is sometimes taken as evidence of pre-European discovery. When the world sea level was lower in the Ice Agethe Falkland Islands may have been joined to the mainland of South America.
While Amerindians from Patagonia could have visited the Falklands,   the islands were uninhabited when discovered by Europeans. It is not known if these are evidence of one-way journeys, but there is no known evidence of pre-Columbian buildings or structures. However, it is not certain that the discovery predates arrival of Europeans.
Yahgan Indians were at this station from to so this may be the source of the artifacts that have been found. The presence of the warrahDusicyon australis, has often been cited as evidence of pre-European occupation of the islands. This means it is likely that the warrah arrived in the islands long before humans.
The islands had no native trees when discovered but there is some ambiguous evidence of past forestation, that may be due to wood being transported by oceanic currents from Patagonia. All modern trees have been introduced by Europeans. Richard Hawkins An archipelago in the region of the Falkland Islands appeared on Portuguese maps from the early 16th century.
Researchers Pepper and Pascoe cite the possibility that an unknown Portuguese expedition may have sighted the islands, based on the existence of a French copy of a Portuguese map from Destefani asserts it probable that a ship from the Magellan expedition discovered the islands citing the difficulty in measuring longitude accurately,  which means that islands described as close to the coast could be further away.
Destefani dismisses attribution to Gomes since the course taken by him on his return would not have taken the ships near the Falklands. On 9 August a severe storm battered his ship, and Davis drifted under bare masts, taking refuge "among certain Isles never before discovered". Davis did not provide the latitude of these islands, indicating they were 50 leagues away from the Patagonian coast they are actually 75 leagues away.
However, the latitude given was off by at least 3 degrees and the description of the shore including the sighting of bonfires casts doubts on his discovery. This name remained in use for the entire Falkland Islands for a long time; William Dampier used the name Sibbel de Wards in his reports of his visits in and while James Cook still referred to the Sebaldine Islands in the s.
From this body of water the island group later took its collective name. Early colonisation[ edit ] France established a colony at Port St. John Byron, by Joshua Reynolds After discovering a natural harbour, he named the area Port Egmont and claimed the islands for Britain on the grounds of prior discovery.
Under the alliance established by the Pacte de Famillein France agreed to leave after the Spanish complained about French presence in territories they considered their own. Spain agreed to compensate Louis de Bougainvillethe French admiral and explorer who had established the settlement on East Falkland at his own expense.
Inthe Spanish formally assumed control of Port St. Louis and renamed it Puerto Soledad English: On 10 June he returned from Argentina with five armed ships and soldiers forcing the British to leave Port Egmont. This action sparked the Falkland Crisis between 10 July to 22 January when Britain and Spain almost went to war over the islands.
Egmont quickly became an important port-of-call for British ships sailing around Cape Horn.
However, with the growing economic pressures stemming from the upcoming American War of Independencethe British government decided that it should withdraw its presence from many overseas settlements in This ended in when they were forced to leave by Spanish authorities who then ordered that the British colony be destroyed.
Spain, which had a garrison at Puerto Soledad on East Falkland, which was administered from Montevideo until when it withdrew due to the military pressures created by the Peninsular War in Spain and the growing calls for independence by its colonies in South America.
Inter-colonial period[ edit ] Following the departure of the Spanish settlers, the Falkland Islands became the domain of whalers and sealers who used the islands to shelter from the worst of the South Atlantic weather. By merit of their location, the Falkland Islands have often been the last refuge for ships damaged at sea.
Most numerous among those using the islands were British and American sealerswhere typically between 40 and 50 ships were engaged in exploiting fur seals.
This represents an itinerant population of up to 1, sailors. Isabella[ edit ] On 8 February the British ship Isabella, a ship of tons and a crew of 14, was wrecked off the coast of Eagle Island now known as Speedwell Island.
The British gun brig Nancy was sent to rescue the survivors.Apr 03, · America's failure to recognise the right of the Falkland Islands to national self-determination is "disappointing", a House of Commons inquiry into the health of the so-called special relationship.
Bananal Island, also in Brazil, is the third largest island in South America, covering 7, square miles. Climate South America is home to a range of climate classifications, from equatorial to tundra.
Many books about the islands have been written since the war, but the most readily available general account is the third edition of Ian Strange’s The Falkland Islands (), which covers the islands’ geography, history and natural history.
Falkland Islands Travel Information. At Goway we believe that a well-informed traveller is a safer traveller.
With this in mind, we have compiled an easy to navigate . This group includes within its scope all articles related to the Falkland Islands, its settlements, geography, transportation, culture, history and so on. The Falkland Islands are a group of islands in the South Atlantic Ocean, off the coast of South America.
They are an overseas territory of the United Kingdom. Argentina disputes this, and .