Jeffrey and Lonette Stayton Awards for Writing Using animals in research and to test the safety of products has been a topic of heated debate for decades.
Websites The ethics of animal research Animal use has been a hotly contested moral issue for hundreds of years. This was rejected by Jeremy Bentham in the 18th Century who extended his utilitarian conception of rights to animals due to their capability to suffer.
This was expanded by Peter Singer, inwho wrote in Animal Liberation that arbitrarily treating humans above animals — particularly in marginal cases where animals may be as intelligent as young children or severely cognitively-impaired adults — was not justified.
Animal rights philosophy is distinct from proponents of animal welfare who argue that we must provide adequate conditions for animals in our care — a position held by the RSPCA among others.
The scientific community has often been the driving force for these improvements, arguing that better conditions for animals was conducive to better, more replicable, scientific results. Books Animal Liberation Peter Singer was an immensely influential book which discussed the ethics of animal use including animal research.
It is often considered the forerunner to the animal liberation movement. Do Animals Have Rights? Alison Hills is an objective assessment of the case for whether animals should have rights and what rights those should be. Hills discusses their ability of mind, whether all animals should be regarded as equal, and what that means.
Hills concludes with a graded scale of animals rights. The Case for Animal Rights Tom Reagan is another major piece of philosophical writing which argues for animal rights on the basis of their similar cognitive abilities.
The Case for Animal Rights. University of California Press. It is a useful book covering many issues of animal rights activism and philosophy. In Chapter 18, Smith creates his argument in favour of animal research on the basis of human rights and duties.
The Human Use of Animals: Case Studies in Ethical Choice Beauchamp et al. Through 16 case studies, and plenty of ethical theory, the authors attempt to navigate the moral minefields involved. Case Studies in Ethical Choice. An Odyssey with Animals Adrian Morrison investigates the relationship between humans and animals, and explains why efforts to halt animal research would be damaging to human health.
An Odyssey with Animals. Oxford University Press Online resources Ethics Pro-Test looks at the question of whether animals have rights, concluding that their lack of understanding does not allow them to participate in the system of rights and duties.
Although it looks at the whole issue, it pays particular attention to the ethics, specifically in chapter three.Alternatives to Animal Experimentation The search for alternative methods to animal testing is underway in many laboratories across the entire world. While success has been made, the .
Animal testing Essay. different ways. Issues related to animal experimentation are commonly debated in society, since each year lots of animals are hurt and killed in laboratories.
Testing on animals is a very controversial topic. Publication of alternatives in scientiﬁc journals What drives and what hampers the progress Alternatives to Animal Experimentation in Basic Research* Franz P.
Gruber1 and Thomas Hartung2 1FFVFF, many animal experiments are dramatically “under-.
These principles encouraged researchers to work to reduce the number of animals used in experiments to the minimum considered necessary, refine or limit the pain and distress to which animals are exposed, and replace the use of animals with non-animal alternatives when possible. Experiments on animals are leading medicine further and further from the real cure The writer begins his article with a quote in which it is stated that animal testing brings humans further away from the truth.
After two decades of decline, the use of animals in research is beginning to rise again. Geoff Watts examines replacement techniques and the potential for eliminating the need to use living creatures When I visited the headquarters of the Fund for the Replacement of Animals in Medical Experiments.