A popular example is Paul Ekman and his colleagues' cross-cultural study ofin which they concluded that the six basic emotions are angerdisgustfearhappinesssadnessand surprise. Ekman explains that there are particular characteristics attached to each of these emotions, allowing them to be expressed in varying degrees.
Plutchik 's Wheel of Emotions Robert Plutchik's theory says that the eight basic emotions are: Expectation is more neutral. Book Two of Aristotle's "Rhetoric" This theory says that the emotions are: Angeropposite calmness not feeling excited Friendship, is where people have a bond of joy and will come together and have fun Fearopposite courage having courage in the face of fear Shameopposite confidence shame: Ranges to family, pets, friends, significant others or fictional characters.
Darwin's ideas Darwin's The expressions of the emotions in man and animals was a landmark work which is still used as a source. Suffering and weeping Low spirits, anxiety, grief, dejection, despair Joy, high spirits, love, tender feelings, devotion Reflection, meditation, ill-temper, sulkiness, determination Hatred and anger Disdain, contempt, disgust, guilt, pride, helplessness, patience, affirmation and negation Surprise, astonishment, fear, horror Self-attention, shame, shyness, modesty, blushing.
The book is famous as being the first scientific book which used photographs as a major part of the evidence. Emotions, he decided, were behavioural traits which evolved. Darwin pointed out how the human face is adapted to show many of these emotions: On the other hand, other mammals do have ways of showing many of these emotions.
Ekman has taken this idea a step further by studying the way people try to hide their emotions. He filmed the tell-tale glimpses of brief moments when true emotion is shown on a person's face.Conventional scientific wisdom recognizes six "classic" emotions: happy, surprised, afraid, disgusted, angry, and sad.
But the Glasgow scientists studied people's facial expressions, and the emotions they signal, by showing people computer-generated facial animations. May 22, · Six Basic Emotions is a term that refers to the theory of American psychologists Paul Ekman and Wallace V.
Ekman and Friesen identified six basic emotions based on studying the isolated culture of people from the Fori tribe in Papua New Guinea in /5(). There are other basic emotions such as disgust, contempt, happiness, sadness and surprise. Their characteristics can be seen below: We often get asked about emotions such as shame, pride, jealously and guilt.
While these emotions are important ones, they are still not considered part of the basic emotions set. Start studying Ch.2 Basic Emotions. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. The concept of ‘basic’ or ‘primary’ emotions dates back at least to the Book of Rites, a first-century Chinese encyclopedia that identifies seven ‘feelings of men’: joy, anger, sadness.
The study has challenged a commonly-held belief that there are six basic emotions of happiness, sadness, fear, anger, surprise and disgust. Researchers used a new technique and software programme, developed at the university, to examine expressions.