An Essay on the Thought of Emmanuel Levinas Introduction Derrida begins by suggesting that, while the questions whether philosophy is over and what type of thought comes after the demise of philosophy are questions that are unanswerable philosophy, they are the questions that should truly be pondered by those that still call themselves philosophers. It should be pondered as a question that has not yet be trivialized by already having a ready-made answer, with absolute initiality. The difference between retaining the question as a question and not doing so is "the difference between philosophy as a power and adventure of the question itself and philosophy as a determined event or turning point within this adventure. Both Husserl and Heidegger see the beginning of philosophy, for better or worse, with Plato and the Greeks; they both recognize that the founding concepts of philosophy are Greek, most importantly that of Being.
He was also born into an environment of some discrimination. In fact, he either withdrew from, or was forced out of at least two schools during his childhood simply on account of being Jewish.
While Derrida would resist any reductive understanding of his work based upon his biographical life, it could be argued that these kind of experiences played a large role in his insistence upon the importance of the marginal, and the other, in his later thought.
Derrida was twice refused a position in the prestigious Ecole Normale Superieure where Sartre, Simone de Beauvoir and the majority of French intellectuals and academics began their careersbut he was eventually accepted to the institution at the age of He hence moved from Algiers to France, and soon after he also began to play a major role in the leftist journal Tel Quel.
Other important inspirations on his early thought include NietzscheHeideggerSaussure, Levinas and Freud. It was in that Derrida really arrived as a philosopher of world importance.
All of these works have been influential for different reasons, but it is Of Grammatology that remains his most famous work it is analysed in some detail in this article.
In Of Grammatology, Derrida reveals and then derrida writing and difference scribd sheet the speech-writing opposition that he argues has been such an influential factor in Western thought.
His preoccupation with language in this text is typical of much of his early work, and since the publication of these and other major texts including Dissemination, Glas, The Postcard, Spectres of Marx, The Gift of Death, and Politics of Friendshipdeconstruction has gradually moved from occupying a major role in continental Europe, to also becoming a significant player in the Anglo-American philosophical context.
He has also had lecturing positions at various universities, the world over. Derrida died in Deconstruction has frequently been the subject of some controversy. However, what is clear from the antipathy of such thinkers is that deconstruction challenges traditional philosophy in several important ways, and the remainder of this article will highlight why this is so.
Deconstructive Strategy Derrida, like many other contemporary European theorists, is preoccupied with undermining the oppositional tendencies that have befallen much of the Western philosophical tradition. In fact, dualisms are the staple diet of deconstruction, for without these hierarchies and orders of subordination it would be left with nowhere to intervene.
Deconstruction is parasitic in that rather than espousing yet another grand narrative, or theory about the nature of the world in which we partake, it restricts itself to distorting already existing narratives, and to revealing the dualistic hierarchies they conceal.
Deconstruction is, somewhat infamously, the philosophy that says nothing. Deconstruction, and particularly early deconstruction, functions by engaging in sustained analyses of particular texts. It is committed to the rigorous analysis of the literal meaning of a text, and yet also to finding within that meaning, perhaps in the neglected corners of the text including the footnotesinternal problems that actually point towards alternative meanings.
Deconstruction must hence establish a methodology that pays close attention to these apparently contradictory imperatives sameness and difference and a reading of any Derridean text can only reaffirm this dual aspect.
Derrida speaks of the first aspect of this deconstructive strategy as being akin to a fidelity and a "desire to be faithful to the themes and audacities of a thinking" WD In suggesting that a faithful interpretation of him is one that goes beyond him, Derrida installs invention as a vitally important aspect of any deconstructive reading.
He is prone to making enigmatic suggestions like "go there where you cannot go, to the impossible, it is indeed the only way of coming or going" ON 75and ultimately, the merit of a deconstructive reading consists in this creative contact with another text that cannot be characterised as either mere fidelity or as an absolute transgression, but rather which oscillates between these dual demands.
These are, of course, themes reflected upon at length by Derrida, and they have an immediate consequence on the meta-theoretical level. This is why he argues that his work occupies a place in the margins of philosophy, rather than simply being philosophy per se.
The process of writing always reveals that which has been suppressed, covers over that which has been disclosed, and more generally breaches the very oppositions that are thought to sustain it. This also ensures that any attempt to describe what deconstruction is, must be careful. That said, certain defining features of deconstruction can be noticed.
While some philosophers argue that he is a little reductive when he talks about the Western philosophical tradition, it is his understanding of this tradition that informs and provides the tools for a deconstructive response.
Because of this, it is worth briefly considering the target of Derridean deconstruction - the metaphysics of presence, or somewhat synonymously, logocentrism. These terms all have slightly different meanings.
Logocentrism emphasises the privileged role that logos, or speech, has been accorded in the Western tradition see Section 3. Phallogocentrism points towards the patriarchal significance of this privileging.
Heidegger insists that Western philosophy has consistently privileged that which is, or that which appears, and has forgotten to pay any attention to the condition for that appearance.
In other words, presence itself is privileged, rather than that which allows presence to be possible at all - and also impossible, for Derrida see Section 4for more on the metaphysics of presence. What, then, does Derrida mean by metaphysics?Jacques Derrida initiated a seismic wave throughout the field of literary criticism with the essays collected in Writing and Difference, in particular with the .
Writing and Difference by Jacques Derrida, available at Book Depository with free delivery worldwide. First published in Writing and Difference, a collection of Jacques Derrida's essays written between and has become a landmark of contemporary F.
The term différance means "difference and deferral of meaning." Overview. Derrida first uses the term différance and serves to further subvert the traditional privileging of speech over writing A term related to the idea of différance in Derrida's thought is that of the supplement.
He published three momentous texts (Of Grammatology, Writing and Difference, and Speech and Phenomena). All of these works have been influential for different reasons, Gasché, R., Inventions of Difference: On Jacques Derrida, Massachusetts: Harvard University Press, Gasché, R.
First published in , Writing and Difference, a collection of Jacques Derrida's essays written between and , has become a landmark of contemporary French timberdesignmag.com it we find Derrida at work on his systematic deconstruction of Western metaphysics.
The book's first half, which includes the celebrated essay on Descartes 4/5. Derrida Freud and the Scene of Writing. Uploaded by mangsilva. Foreshadowing the interpolated sheet of the Mystic Writing Pad. again. will allow the difficulty to be resolved.
and discontinuity are timberdesignmag.coms Derrida are series. from pure temporalization in its conjunction with spacing: from periodicity. rest of the Project will.