At the time, the Greeks were considered superior in almost all aspects of life from intellect to physical strength. And the proof was found in two of the most prominent cities in history—Sparta and Athens. While both cities are located in Greece, the similarities end there.
Notes Introduction Spartan and Athenian society were very different in many aspects. However, at the same time, the two shared a myriad of characteristics in common. The differences are what set the two apart, while the things they shared in common are what united them as Greek city-states.
Sparta and Athens shared similarities and differences in their systems of government, militaristic focuses, judgment and views of women. In addition to this, the social gatherings of Athenians and Spartans both had affinities and contrasts.
Structure of Government Possibly the most characteristic divide between these two great powers of the Ancient Mediterranean is their differing systems of government.
Five Ephors were elected annually, accompanied by two kings, who passed on the crowns to their chosen sons. Other purposes of the general assembly were to vote on and pass legislation and make civil decisions.
As a whole, the five Ephors had the power to overrule the Kings, but tended to keep to religious and militaristic duties.
Each would take charge for about a month, and ten generals were automatically elected due to their experience. The Pnyx was a hill where the Athenian Ekklesia would meet, with a speaker's platform called the "Bema" Athens is seen as the birthplace of democracy — where a large number of the population had a say in state affairs and proceedings.
Both forms of government ensured that every person was within the law, none could escape. Also, neither employed the fundamental idea of autocracy — a sole, omnipotent ruler.
Athens, being a democracy, used the masses as well as nobles, aristocrats and generals as a part of their government. Sparta countered the idea of a autocrat by putting two kings in place, and an overseeing body of five Ephors.
Each kept the other under check, enabling no one to gain absolute power. Three men paved the way to democracy for Athens — firstly Solon, followed by Pisistratus, and then finally Cleisthenes. The systems and structure of government in Sparta and Athens did have a degree of disparity, but shared many things in common too.
Militaristic Focuses While Sparta and Athens both developed formidable land and sea forces at different stages in their history, each dominated in one particular arm of the military. Sparta was in the Peloponnesus, south of Athens. The Spartan hoplite endured rigorous training from the age of 7, to become a part of one of the finest type of warriors of the ancient world.
One reason Sparta had such a militaristically based society was its need to maintain and exercise control of the helots, slaves from Messenia Greece. The helots far outnumbered their Spartan masters, so a check had to be kept on them, through scare tactics.
The Spartan army became so formidable, to ensure no uprisings occurred. Bronze body armour was worn by the hoplite, and consisted of leg and arm greaves, a breastplate and a helmet. The characteristic red cloak was often worn too.
During the Persian Wars, Sparta headed the land forces operations. A Spartan phalanx at the Battle of Plataea Athens on the hand was famed for its navy. While at certain stages, especially under Demosthenes, the Athenian army grew to a monumental strength, almost matching the Spartans, overall it was inferior.
The Trireme was a revolutionary ship, an addition to the earlier Bireme.
Comprised of oarsmen, as well as soldiers, sailors and a captain, the Trireme was exceptionally fast and maneuverable, owing its in-battle ferocity to this, and the bronze ramming beak on the front. Athens was in charge of countering the Persian threat at sea during Xerxess invasion of Greece.
The primarily Athenian navy ended up defeating a much larger Persian force in the Bay of Salamis, to repel the Persian invasion of BC. The domination of Sparta and Athens in their respective arms of the military was to gain them a firm standing amongst powers in the Classical Mediterranean.
Both developed impressive, some may say grandiose, naval and land-based forces, which commanded respect by their adversaries.
The two rivals of ancient Greece that made the most noise and gave us the most traditions were Athens and timberdesignmag.com were close together on a map, yet far apart in what they valued and how they lived their lives. One of the main ways they were similar was in their form of government. Both Athens and Sparta had an Assembly, whose members were elected by the people. Nov 08, · The difference between Sparta and Athens is that in Sparta, the ruling government was a military government, while in Athens, the ruling government was a democracy. Both Athens and Sparta keep memorable top quality for Greece and the world. Athens is the capital and the most important metropolis of Greece. It is a middle .
Timber resources were also abundant to the Athenians. The domination of Athens at sea, and Sparta on land, may differ, but in retrospect, both were the superpowers of their day, especially for the size of their states.
Women in Sparta are very typical of what one may have imagined a woman of Sparta to have been like.
They were disallowed from wearing any types of cosmetics or makeup, which were abolished. Women were judged on their physique and physical and athletic prowess. Women in Sparta had designated arenas in which they would exercise and compete in athletic tournaments, usually secluded from the men who were out training.
Healthy and fit women would produce fit offspring, continuing the military tradition of Sparta. On the contrary, Athenian women were judged heavily on their artificial beauty. Elaborate and expensive jewelry, complemented by luscious clothing were worn for seductive, and other purposes.
Physical training was not unheard of though, and an Athenian woman exercising was not uncommon.Sparta and Athens shared similarities and differences in their systems of government, militaristic focuses, judgment and views of women.
In addition to this, the social gatherings of Athenians and Spartans both had affinities and contrasts. timberdesignmag.com Comparison between Sparta and Athens Ancestry The basic distinction between the two cultures is the ancestry so while the Spartans were descendants of the Dorian invaders, Athenians were of Ionian descent.
Though Athens and Sparta were located in the same country of Greece, the two were far enough apart to exhibit slightly different climates. Athens, located in the Attica region, had a Mediterranean climate with adequate amounts of precipitation.
Both Athens and Sparta keep memorable top quality for Greece and the world. Athens is the capital and the most important metropolis of Greece. It is a middle .
Athens and Sparta refer to two of the greatest cities of Greece between which many differences can be identified in terms of the lifestyles and value systems. Athens can be considered as the fountain of culture and philosophical knowledge.
Athens versus Sparta comparison chart; Athens Sparta; About: The capital and largest city of Greece. Known in Greek as Sparti.
The city lies at the southern end of the central Laconian plain, on the right bank of the Eurotas River. Country: Greece: Greece: Population (Ancient) , , Region: Attica: Laconia: Climate: .