Law enforcement research papers

See Municipal police departments of the United States for a list Municipal police range from one-officer agencies sometimes still called the town marshal to the 40, person-strong New York City Police Department. Most municipal agencies take the form Municipality Name Police Department. Most municipalities have their own police departments.

Law enforcement research papers

MistyWest Engineering of Vancouver has begun work on a portable handheld device that will provide for easy collection of breath samples at the point of care. MistyWest is a highly regarded engineering and design firm that has worked on several high profile and innovative product development projects in North America —demonstrating the ability to complete projects rapidly.

Cannabix will use the new handheld unit for the collection of multiple samples from many users under a variety of conditions, quickly. The device will be lightweight and include advanced display capabilities as well as temperature, pressure and relative humidity measurement capabilities.

The BCU will be designed to collect numerous samples required for pilot and research testing and be easy to administer by untrained personnel. Furthermore, the BCU will allow scientists to store samples and determine the effects of decay time on the sample which is an important parameter in the evidentiary process.

It is estimated that the new handheld unit will be ready by the end of this year. The engineers at MistyWest have a lot of experience with human factor design and creating these kinds of devices efficiently. This will integrate with our added capacity for gas analysis using our new state of the art equipment at our Florida facility.

In addition, Cannabix has added additional electrical engineering staff in Vancouver.

Research Roundtables, Research & Faculty: Northwestern Pritzker School of Law

Cannabix applauds the significant efforts that are underway by the Government of Canada and others to increase public awareness of the dangers of drugged driving on our roadways and the acute problems of being under the influence of drugs in the workplace.

A recent survey by the Angus Reid Institute dated September 25, finds a majority of Canadians lack confidence in the ability of their community police to assess and punish those driving under the influence of marijuana. The Human Resources Professionals Association in Januaryconducted a survey in Ontario and found that 71 per cent of its members do not feel prepared for legalization, with almost 48 per cent citing concerns about ensuring a safe workplace.

We believe that establishing point-of-care breath testing technology for cannabis is the future for law enforcement and workplace testing, as it is non-invasive, will be easy to use, and will look to provide superior sensitivity to help better determine impairment. Cannabix is a well funded Canadian company that is rapidly developing marijuana breathalyzer technology.

Cannabix has been building upon its promising characterization results from August and with a secondary bench version device to establish repeatable results in multiple devices. Cannabix scientists have been actively tuning the FAIMS device coupled to real time switchable mass spectrometry to detect key molecules and their complex pathways in the body to enable the identification of recency of use.

The Company also reports that it has short listed 2 potential medical device development companies in order to develop the next version of the device as well as create multiple devices, that would be used for pilot testing. About Cannabix Technologies Inc.

Cannabix has established breath testing technologies in the pursuit of bringing durable, portable hand-held tools to market to enhance detection of marijuana impaired driving offences on roads at a time when marijuana is becoming legal in many global jurisdictions.

Cannabix is working to develop drug-testing devices that will detect THC- the psychoactive component of marijuana that causes intoxication- using breath samples.

In particular, Cannabix is focused on developing breath testing devices for detection of recent use of THC, in contrast to urine testing for THC metabolite that requires an invasive collection and reflects usage, days or even weeks earlier.

The devices will also be useful for other practical applications such as testing employees in the workplace where impairment by THC can be hazardous. The move to use saliva testing, we believe, is because no court accepted breath test device currently exists on the market.

This the chief objective of Cannabix and our ongoing advanced product development work. Saliva testing is not a new technology and has been available for many years. There are well documented issues with saliva testing including its ability to effectively identify impaired individuals and operate in cold weather conditions, to name a few.

Of note, the Vermont Senate Judiciary Committee recently rejected a bill authorizing the use of saliva testing in traffic enforcement, amid concerns of scientific validity, accuracy, and infringement on civil liberties. Cannabix believes that an accurate breath test for THC is the future for law enforcement and workplace testing, as it is less invasive and will look to provide superior sensitivity to better determine impairment.

The Company has received significant interest for its technology from police and companies in the U. In addition, scientists have made significant progress towards using lower flow rates that will become important for user groups with poor lung function.

Furthermore, engineers have been testing a new breath capture method that can hold THC breath samples in a stable manner for several days. Smoked THC is converted predominantly to norcarboxy-tetrahydrocannabinol which is then glucuronidated to a water-soluble form that can be detected in body fluids.

Ingested THC is metabolized via the hepatic portal circulation to hydroxy-deltatetrahydrocannabinol prior to oxidation to norcarboxy-tetrahydrocannabinol.

Law enforcement research papers

The Cannabix FAIMS device coupled to real time switchable mass spectrometry is actively being tuned to detect these key molecules and their complex pathways in the body to enable the identification of recency of use. The recent passing of legislation Bill C by the Senate of Canada and legislative developments in the State of Vermont, have increased the number of inquires for the Cannabix breathalyzer device and the Company has received interest in piloting from both U.

The Senate Judiciary Committee in the state of Vermont recently rejected a bill to use saliva testing for THC enforcement, amid concerns of scientific validity, accuracy, and infringement on civil liberties.A massive cache of law enforcement personnel data has leaked. Exclusive: Leaked data reveals many police departments are unable to respond in an active shooter situation.

The National Drug Law Enforcement Research Fund promotes quality evidence-based practice in drug law enforcement to prevent and reduce the harmful effects of licit and illicit drug use in Australian society.

A key aim of NDLERF is to promote collaboration between the Law Enforcement . Attendance at all Research Roundtables is by invitation only. If you are interested in receiving an invitation, please send your request to: [email protected] Third Annual Research Roundtable on Energy Regulation, Technology, and Transaction Costs: Cross-Cutting Perspectives.

Foreign Law: Topical Research. Cloning Human Beings (National Bioethics Advisory Commission). Immigration, Asylum, and Refugee Law. Elisa Mason, Guide to Country Research for Refugee Status Determination (timberdesignmag.com, February 15, ) Elisa Mason, Guide to International Refugee Law Resources on the Web (Law Library Resource Xchange (LLRX), July 15, ).

NEWS ANALYSIS: Apple is making it even more difficult for law enforcement or anyone else to unlock iPhones, but this has mainly served to renew the data security arms race with two companies that.

Drug and Crime Facts: Drug law violations and enforcement.

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